The hamstrings are a group of muscles behind the thigh and its tendons. These include biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. The hamstrings bend the knee joint and pull the thigh back. It is used for walking, running, and many other physical activities.
Anatomy of the Hamstring Muscles
They originate from the thigh muscles, where their tendons stick to the bone, from the sciatic tubercle of the hip (often referred to as the squat bone) and the linear aspera of the femur. The Achilles tendon flips the space behind the knee.
The most intermediate muscle, the semicircle, is connected to the medial confluence of the tibia bone. Medial inserts in the upper part of the medial tibia. The lateral Achilles tendon, biceps femoris, connects to the lateral side of the fibula and also connects the upper part of the lateral tibia. They are innate by the sciatic nerve.
What Do the Hamstrings Do?
They use hamstrings to walk, run, and jump. They bend their knees and stretch their hips at the beginning of each step. When walking and running, they are antagonistic to the quadriceps muscles that delay knee growth. Because the seat bones arise near the hamstrings, they stretch when sitting, and sitting for long periods of time can affect their function.
Related: Biomechanics and Body Movement
Ham Mustangs are used for walking, running, or stairs. These activities improve the functional health of the hamstrings. This can be an important cross-training for people who are cycling with their main exercise in mind. Overdeplacement of the quadriceps must be compensated by thigh exercises.
Isolation and compound exercises for the hamstrings may be used for rehabilitation or bodybuilding. Exercises that involve knee flexion and hip extension are used to build the hamstring muscles.3
- Hamstring Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation: Exercises to strengthen the hamstrings and rehab after a hamstring injury.
- Exercise Your Hamstrings: Learn the best lower-body exercises for building strength and shaping.
Relieving the mustering must be important for runners and can help prevent injuries and reduce muscle soreness after training. Tight hamstrings can also be seen as controlling movements when the knee is stretched or there is a stretch behind the knee. The hamstring stretch is a common part of a stretchy and flexible routine.
- Four Hamstring Stretches Four illustrated stretches with instructions.
- Stretching Exercises for a Hamstring Injury: Five stretches for recovery from hamstring pain and keep the hamstrings flexible.
The Achilles tendon is hit in sports such as soccer, football, l, basketball and l, and tennis, where racing begins and ends quickly. Sprains and tears of the hamstrings are common. Thigh injuries are worse if there are significant injuries to the back of the thigh. Frequent stress injuries while running or running can also cause thigh pain.
- Hamstring Injuries and How to Treat Them: Sports medicine information on types of hamstring injuries, causes, treatment, and prevention.
- Physical Therapy for Hamstring Injuries: How a therapist will work on rehabilitating a hamstring injury.